The Philippines is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire which is an area known for its high volcanic and seismic activity. As a result, the country has several active volcanoes, some of them having erupted several times over the past centuries.
There are 24 active volcanoes in the Philippines, some of the most notable ones are:
1 Mayon Volcano
One of the most famous active volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayon Volcano, which is also known as the "Perfect Cone" because of its symmetrical shape. It is located in the Bicol region and is considered one of the most active volcanoes in the country, with 47 eruptions recorded since 1616. Mayon is a popular tourist destination because of its beauty, but it also poses a threat to nearby towns and villages, which is why it is closely monitored by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS).
2 Taal Volcano
Another active volcano in the Philippines is Taal Volcano in Luzon. It is one of the smallest active volcanoes in the world, but it has had 33 recorded eruptions since 1572. The most recent eruption occurred in 2020, causing widespread damage and displacement of nearby residents. Taal Volcano is considered a high-risk volcano and authorities monitor its activity closely to prevent harm to the surrounding communities.
3 Mt. Hibok-Hibok
Another active volcano in the Philippines is Hibok-Hibok Volcano, also known as Mt. Hibok-Hibok, located in Camiguin. It last erupted in 1951, causing the evacuation of thousands of residents. Although it has been relatively quiet in recent years, PHIVOLCS continues to monitor its activity to ensure the safety of the nearby communities.
4 Mt. Bulusan
Like Mt. Mayon, Bulusan Volcano or Mt. Bulusan is located the Bicol region. It has erupted several times over the past centuries and the last recorded one was in 2020.
5 Mt. Pinatubo
Mt. Pinatubo is located in the central part of Luzon and is famous for its eruption in 1991, which was one of the largest volcanic eruptions of the 20th century. The eruption caused widespread damage and displacement of residents, but it also created a large crater lake that has become a popular tourist destination.
The tallest mountain in the Calabarzon region is known as Banahaw, often spelled Banahao and Banájao. Many people regard this three-peaked volcano as a holy mountain, which is located on the border of the provinces of Laguna and Quezon in a protected region called Mounts Banahaw-San Cristobal Protected Landscape. It has become a go-to hiking spot for a lot of mountain climbers and pilgrims. Its last eruption was recorded in 1909.
7 Mt. Matutum
With an elevation of 7,500 feet above sea level and a base diameter of 25 kilometers, this stratovolcano is situated in the municipality of Tupi in South Cotabato and serves as the highest point in the province. The native B'laan people predominately live in its foothills. There are two hot springs on this volcano, namely, Acmonan and Linan. Endangered species like the Tarsier and Philippine Eagle can be found here.
8 Mt. Kanlaon
With a base diameter of 30 kilometers and an elevation of 8,087 feet, Mt. Kanalo is the highest point in Visayas. It is situated around 30 kilometers southeast of Bacolod City, halfway between Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental. Three hot springs are located on this volcano. It is the focal point of Mount Kanlaon Nature Park and a popular location for mountain climbing. Kanlaon, which has erupted about 30 times since 1819, is ranked as the third-most active volcano in the Philippines. 2006 saw its most recent eruption.
9 Bud Dajo (Jolo Group of Volcanoes)
This country's only active cylindrical cone volcano rises 2,030 feet above sea level and has a base diameter of 9.5 kilometers. The crater is 0.5 kilometers broad at the peak. This Bud Dajo and its surroundings were designated a national park by Proclamation No. 261. The gray imperial pigeon, Philippine cockatoo, Sulu hornbill, Sulu pygmy woodpecker, and Winchell's kingfisher are a few endangered species that aren't always found in Mount Dajo National Park.
10 Mt. Ragang
Blue Mountain and Mount Piapayungan are other names for Mount Ragang. With a base diameter of 32 kilometers and an elevation of 9,236 feet, it ranks eighth among the tallest mountains in the country. It serves as Lanao del Sur's highest point. Mt. Ragang last erupted in 1916.
In addition to these active volcanoes, there are several others in the Philippines that are monitored closely by PHIVOLCS to ensure the safety of the surrounding communities. These volcanoes include Babuyan Claro, Camiguin de Babuyanes, Didicas, Iraya, Iriga, Isarog, and Smith in Luzon, while Biliran (Anas), Cabalian, Leonard Kniaseff, Makaturing, Mélébingóy, Parker, and Musuan (Calayo) which are found in Visayas and Mindanao respectively.